Tropical Geography ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1009-1022.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003393

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Vitality Coordination Degree at the Urban Waterfront from the Perspective of Environmental Behavior Studies

Shifu Wanga,b(), Xiaoling Qina, Zhaohua Denga,b()   

  1. a.School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Subtropical Building Science, Guangzhou 510641, China
    b.State Key Laboratory of, Subtropical Building Science, Guangzhou 510641, China
  • Received:2020-09-14 Revised:2020-11-03 Online:2021-09-22 Published:2021-09-22
  • Contact: Zhaohua Deng E-mail:archcity@ scut.edu.cn;dengzhaohua@scut.edu.cn

Abstract:

An urban waterfront is an important place for urban residents to interweave their public life, social interaction, and nature. Based on the interpenetration theory of environmental behavior, taking the Pearl River Front Channel as an example, constructing a "people-environment" vitality interaction model from the vitality creation perspective, and using multi-source data and entropy method, Moran's Index, and Local Moran's Index, we quantitatively studied the vitality coordination degree of the waterfront. The temporal and spatial characteristics of people's vitality, the spatial pattern of environmental vitality, and vitality coordination are summarized. We discussed the vitality coordination mechanism of the waterfront and proposed optimization strategies for improving the vitality coordination of urban waterfronts. The results show that 1) people's vitality at the waterfront has spatial differentiation characteristics and significant spatial positive autocorrelation. In time, the hotspots show the spatial characteristics of expansion and convergence, while the cold spots show a scattered-concentrated spatial pattern. 2) The environment vitality at the waterfront has significant spatial differentiation characteristics, showing a spatial pattern of high west and low east. 3) The vitality coordination degree at the waterfront presents three vitality coordination states: high, medium, and low. The hysteresis system of the coupled coordination state is mainly the environmental vitality subsystem. 4) Mixed and diverse urban functions, continuous rhythmic city, and the landscape and the living road integrated with the waterfront are the keys to high vitality and coordination. This research proposes the following optimization strategies: 1) Make full use of water landscape resources (including the fine water bodies inside the waterfront, such as rivers and ponds), focus on the continuity of the landscape, and optimize the waterfront recreation experience. 2) Organize activities to create stories and memories at the waterfront by bridging the vitality of the crowd and the environment, forming a positive interaction, and coordinating the vitality at the waterfront. 3) Mediate social conflicts in the waterfront transformation process of the low coordination degree of waterfront, adopt an inclusive planning attitude, and encourage property owners whose current land-use type is farmland to plant both economically and ornamentally. For developing such areas where the current status is non-construction or ecological, intervention measures should be carefully selected to protect and enhance ecological values.

Key words: waterfront, vitality coordination degree, "people-environment" vitality interaction model, environmental behavior studies, Guangzhou

CLC Number: 

  • TU984