Tropical Geography ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 878-888.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003497

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The Spatial Pattern and Influencing Factors of China's Organic Livestock Enterprises under the Link of Functional Location

Quanwei Zhao(), Yuhua Wang()   

  1. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-07-10 Revised:2021-11-22 Online:2022-06-05 Published:2022-06-29
  • Contact: Yuhua Wang;


Since the 18th and 19th National Congress, China has put forward ecological civilization construction and rural resolution, requiring the transformation of traditional agricultural production models to a high quality, sustainable, green ecological production model. As an eco-environmental, sustainable, and high value-added agricultural production model, organic agriculture is in-line with the future development direction of China's rural areas and policy guidelines and is also a useful alternative model to traditional agriculture. In order to promote the development of the organic livestock industry in China, this study analyzed the service function and production function basic data of 744 organic livestock enterprises and explored the factors of functional location using Pearson's correlation analysis and multi-regression analysis methods. There is substantial research available related to the functional location of the organic livestock industry that can provide a certain reference value for the location analysis of different industries. The multi-scale analysis of different functional locations can provide reference and policy recommendations for the functional location layout of organic livestock enterprises in China. The results of this study showed the spatial agglomeration characteristics of organized livestock enterprise service and production function locations, such as central and eastern Inner Mongolia, northwestern Xinjiang, northeast Sichuan, and southern Anhui. There is a strong cohesion phenomenon among the organic livestock enterprise service and production function locations in China. However, this is limited to the development characteristics and affected zone, as different functional structures of some organic livestock enterprises have not occurred in the production expansion process. The production and service function locations of organic livestock enterprises are affected by multiple influencing factors, such as feed output, environmental quality, and policy benefits, of which natural resources and the development level of the traditional livestock industry have the greatest impact. It is also important to note that the location layout of organic livestock enterprises has deeper contacts with feed resources and environmental quality at the macro level. The influencing factors of organic livestock enterprise service and production function locations are consistent, but the same influencing factor has certain differences in the extent of their service and production function locations. According to the demand, organic livestock enterprises should guide different functional departments to lay out the functional location gathering area and balance the needs of the service and production function sectors in the initial development phase, select resource endowment, rich in knowledge and technology, convenient transportation, cheap land prices, and low labor cost-effective suburban areas. Local governments should increase policy support and guide deployment in areas with rich natural resources and developed traditional livestock industries. Moreover, according to actual conditions, they should guide enterprises to convert production from traditional to organic in the traditional livestock production industry.

Key words: organic livestock enterprise, service function location, production function location, spatial pattern, China

CLC Number: 

  • F323.22