TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 354-363.

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Residents’ Community Attachment and Its Determinants in Gated Communities of Guangzhou

WANG Kun1,LIU Zhen2,HE Shenjing3   

  1. (1.School of Geography and Planning//Centre of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;2.Zhuhai Urban-rural planning,Verifying & Information Center,Zhuhai 519000,China;3.Department of Urban Planning & Design,the University of Hong Kong)
  • Online:2015-06-05 Published:2015-06-05

Abstract:

With the deepening of housing reform and socio-economic restructuring, gated communities have become the predominant residential form in Chinese cities. Much scholarly attention has been paid to understanding of the emergence, typology, and socio-spatial consequences of gated communities. Nevertheless, the subjects of gated communities, i.e. residents and their community living, have not been fully explored. There is a lack of empirical study, especially quantitative analysis on the topic. Drawing on a large-scale household survey conducted in Guangzhou in 2013, this paper aims to measure residents’ subjective perception and the intensity of community attachment based on three perspectives of community sentiment, i.e. ‘community loss’, ‘community saved’ and ‘community liberated’. Building upon multivariate regression models, this study systematically analyzes the determinants of community attachment in gated communities from three aspects, namely individual characteristics, social interactions, and built environment. The empirical evidence shows that intense community attachment still maintains in Guangzhou’s gated communities, although ‘community saved’ remains in a very limited way among residents. As this study unfolds, community attachment is largely affected by individual characteristics such as gender, age, marital status, and residential period, as well as social interactions within the community, such as neighborly relationship, neighborhood communication, community participation. Notably, apart from the degree of gatedness and the subjective assessment of built environment, the characteristics of built environment does not show much statistical significance to the attachment to gated communities.

Key words: gated community, community resident, community attachment, community loss, community saved, community liberated, Multiple Linear Regression Model, Guangzhou