TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 561-568.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002727

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Interpretation of the Conflict in Myanmar from Geopolitical Perspective after 2009

HU Zhiding1,2,LUO Huasong1,2,LI Cansong2,FU Lei2,XIONG Liran2   

  1. (1.School of Tourism and Geography Science,Yunnan Normal University,Kunming 650500,China;2.Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and borderland development,Yunnan Normal University,Kunming 650500,China)
  • Online:2015-07-03 Published:2015-07-03


In the years after Myanmar independence, the conflicts between the central government and local ethnic armies have varied between a state of fighting and periods of relative calm. But after 2009, the conflict in Myanmar began to internationalize, the situation became more complicated, and changed in nature. The scale and the continued fighting in the Myanmar domestic conflict into 2015 confirms this. Based on interviews and a questionnaire, this article confirms the point of view that Myanmar’s domestic geopolitical conflict is no longer just due to domestic ethnic problems, but has come into the sphere of the “big game” between America and China in the context of global geopolitical and economic structural change. The changes in the global geopolitical pattern have led to the convergence of geopolitical strategy between the great powers in Myanmar. The result is the global geopolitical change in the location of Myanmar. Myanmar has become a new front in the global game of great powers, and the geographical characteristics in Northern and eastern Myanmar combined with the ethnic armed geopolitical relations in the north, have changed permanently the geopolitical significance of the conflicts of Myanmar, and altered as well the domestic situation of Myanmar.

Key words: Northern Myanmar conflict, geopolitics, global geopolitical pattern, geopolitical re-positioning, geographical setting