Tropical Geography ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 485-494.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003336

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The Relationships among Field Cognition, Place Attachment, and Inheritance Path in Rural Cultural Memories from the Perspective of Residents: A Case Study of Jinting Town, Suzhou

Long Lyu1(), Xiaoyan Chen2()   

  1. 1.School of Geographical and Biologic Information, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
    2.School of Humanities, Jiangsu University of technology, Changzhou 213001, China
  • Received:2020-08-05 Revised:2020-09-04 Online:2021-07-01 Published:2021-06-24
  • Contact: Xiaoyan Chen E-mail:lvlong1981@sina.com;cxy220@163.com

Abstract:

The phenomenon of the "de-localization" of rural settlements, memory fracture, and cultural conflict against the backdrop of rapid urbanization has become a vital and pressing problem that restricts rural cultural inheritance. Taking the residents of Jinting Town in Suzhou as the research object, this paper uses questionnaire survey and in-depth interview data to identify the dimensional differences of field cognition, place attachment, and inheritance path through the structural equation model, and to verify their influence path and action relationship among different dimensions. The results of structural model fitting verification show that the path coefficients of different dimensions of the hard memory field to the soft memory field are 0.269, 0.501 and 0.186, respectively. While the significance of natural sites to the soft memory field is 0.002, the significance level of all other dimensions reach 0.001, so memorial sites, village sites and natural sites all have significant positive effects on soft memory field.. The soft memory field has a positive effect on both place dependence and place identity, and the path coefficients are 0.384 (P < 0.001), so field cognition in soft memory has a significant positive effect on place identity and place dependence. The coefficient of the influence of local identity on the inheritance path is 0.118 (P=0.448), which fails the significance test, and the positive effect of local identity on the path of memory transmission was not accepted.. Local dependence has a positive and significant effect on the inheritance path, with a coefficient of 0.498 (P<0.001), so it is recognized that place dependence has a positive effect on the path of memory transmission.. The choice of inheritance path, employing policy support, memory media, and local practice, has a positive and significant influence, and the path coefficients are all above 0.9, so the interaction between different inheritance modes promotes the inheritance of rural cultural memory.. The research conclusions are as follows: (1) The hard memory fields, such as commemorative sites, village-type sites, and natural sites, have positive and significant effects on the soft memory fields. The results indicate that the cognition of the rural cultural memory field is an important prerequisite and factor for the construction of residents' place attachment. (2) Residents' inheritance behavior tendency is significantly affected by place dependence, which indicates that functional place dependence plays a more important role in influencing residents' inheritance behavior than affective place identity. (3) The choice of inheritance path is based on the construction of a memory carrier, supported by the participation of residents and guaranteed by policy guidance. (4) The rural cultural memory field has a significant indirect influence on memory inheritance behavior through local dependence, which is an important factor in explaining the memory inheritance behavior of rural residents. The study proves that village-type sites related to residents' daily life and production, as well as the immaterial texts, images, physical practices, and other information contained in them, jointly constitute an important material entity space of rural cultural memory media. In addition to the interaction of professional text recording and dynamic interpretation by inheritors, the work to pass along rural cultural memories serves national policies and strategies, continually enhances residents' sense of ownership, enhances their participation and sense of responsibility, and celebrates their role as the main body of inheritance. The conclusion is helpful for understanding the media inheritance and characteristics of rural cultural memory, and has certain reference significance for the protection, continuation, and utilization of rural cultural memory.

Key words: rural cultural memory, memory field, place attachment, field identification, inheritance path, Jinting Town

CLC Number: 

  • C912.82