Table of Content

    30 November 2012, Volume 32 Issue 5 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Original Paper
    Renovation Plan of Historical and Cultural Village Based on the Science of Human Settlements: A Case Study of Zhangguying Village, Hunan Province
    HE Feng,LIU Su,YI Weijian
    2012, 32 (5):  457-463. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (387KB) ( )   Save
    Based on the science of human settlements, the methods of studying the renovation plan of historical and cultural village are discussed. And the main contents of renovation plan, such as land use plan, culture heritages protection, ordinary dwellings renovation, ecological protection and landscape environment renovation, public facilities renovation, economic development strategies and construction management measures etc., are presented. Taking the renovation plan of Zhangguying village, one historical and cultural village of our state, as an example, the main problems are analyzed by questionnaire and on-site investigation. The land use efficiency is low. The microcosmic and tangible culture heritages protection is heeded while the macroscopic and intangible culture heritages protection is undervalued. The updating of ordinary dwellings update is lack of scientific guide. The ecological protection has not gained enough attention. The landscape environment is dirty, disorder and bad. The quality and quantity of public facilities and tourist service facilities can’t meet the requirements. Characteristic brand products are lacking. The management on planning, environment and construction is ineffective. Therefore the renovation countermeasures, which include adjusting land layout, renovating ordinary dwellings, consummating public facilities, optimizing landscape environments, making develop strategies and perfecting various managements etc., are proposed. Finally, the views of holism, dynamic, process and public participation about comprehensive renovation of historic and cultural village are analyzed, and the basic framework of comprehensive renovation is constructed.
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    Historical Spread of Fujian-Chaozhou Culture in Hainan-Leizhou Region
    LI Qiaoling
    2012, 32 (5):  464-469. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (81KB) ( )   Save
    The natural and human geography environments in Fujian (Min), Chaozhou (Chao) of eastern Guangdong, and Hainan Island (Qiong), Leizhou Peninsula (Lei) are similar. Since the Song Dynasty,along with accretion of population and development of sea traffic,Minchao culture had been introduced into Qionglei in manners of agriculture immigration,business activities and official guarding,and exchange and integration occured with the local culture. That eventually made Minchao dialect,Sea God Mazu worship customs and merchantilist atmosphere become main characteristics and style of Qionglei culture,and so Qionglei culture is brought into the range of Hoklou culture. This is a typical example of the regional cultural coverage.
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    Discussion on the Achievements of GUO Zizhang’s Geography Works
    LIU Xingliang
    2012, 32 (5):  470-475. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (83KB) ( )   Save
    GUO Zizhang, a famous statesman and strategist in Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty, not only had outstanding exploits and remarkable political achievements but also was a great scholar, plentiful in Geographical works, especially those of Human Geography. Knowledgeable and marvellous experience as well as rigorous scholarship, produced a high value in his Geographical works. Among them, Jun Xian Shi Ming was the first work that annotates the historical names of prefectures and counties in China, played a powerful role in toponymy history. Records of Guizhou province, Book of Yuzhang and other chorography recorded physical and human geography of Jiangxi and Guizhou provinces. Besides, investigation and practice of administrative division in South -western nationality areas were embodied in Qian Cao and other local literatures.Those Geographical works provide valuable information for the study of Guo Zizhangs’ Geographical thoughts, historical toponymy, physical and human geography in Southwestern China in the Ming dynasty.
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    Visualization and Interaction of Augmented Paper Maps Based on Augmented Reality
    ZHANG An,ZHUANG Jianshun,QI Qingwen,JIANG Lili
    2012, 32 (5):  476-480. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (698KB) ( )   Save
    With the development of computer technology in recent years,especially that of the Augmented Reality technology,visualization and interaction of augmented paper maps become available. In this paper the processes and methods of visualization and interaction of augmented paper maps based on Augmented Reality technology are discussed. A prototype system of augmented paper maps is developed and achieved through the experiment. The authors consider that Augmented reality technology would extend the paper maps' visual expression methods. A lot of geographic information and paper maps can be combined to break the static representation of the traditional paper map visualization. Augmented paper maps would provide a wealth of human-computer interaction methods,enhance the perception of multi-dimensional dynamic geographic information and augment the description of map of the real world.
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    Impact of Seasonal Karstfication on the Precipitation Rate of Cave Sediments: A Case Study of the Underground River System of the Xueyu Cave, Chongqing
    XU Shangquan,YIN Jianjun,WANG Xiaoxiao,YANG Pingheng,MAO Haihong,SHEN Licheng
    2012, 32 (5):  481-486. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (224KB) ( )   Save
    The cave sediment is a product of karstification. The seasonal variation of karstification has greatly impacted on the precipitation rate and feature of sediment. Selected hydrochemical indictors in the groundwater, the precipitation rate of the cave sediment and carbon dioxide concentration in the case of Xueyu Cave, Chongqing were monitored during Feb. 2007 to Sep. 2011. Results show that the bicarbonate and calcium concentrations are the main components of the total ions in the groundwater with a ratio of 84.2%~94.4%. It demonstrates the chemical components are controlled by karstfication of the covered bedrock of the carbonate, and the hydrochemical faces are Ca2+- . Compared to other karst areas in SW China, the better overlaying vegetation, more dead branches and leaves, soft ground and developed rock crack in the study area enable the karstification to be stronger in rainy season than that in dry season. The conductivity and concentrations of calcium and bicarbonate in rainy season were 20.1%, 29.9% and 16.5% higher than that observed in dry season, respectively. In additional, due to the abundant water source during the rainy season in the performance of increase in drip water, the precipitation rate in rainy season is 82.5% higher than that in dry season. The sediments can not be easily weathered and their color remains white like jade, which is caused by stable temperature, saturated humidity and high carbon dioxide concentration in the cave causes.
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    Response of Plant Diversity to the Rehabilitation for Rocky Desertification in Karst Mountainous Areas:A Case Study of the Dingtan Catchment of Huajiang Demonstration Area in Guizhou
    LI Chen,XIONG Kangning,WU Guangmei,LI Xiaona
    2012, 32 (5):  487-492. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (162KB) ( )   Save
    Ecological vegetation restoration is a core part of the rehabilitation project for rocky desertification. Dingtan Catchment of Huajiang Demonstration Area in Guizhou Province, which was rehabilitated in 2005, 2007 and 2010, was taken as the study area, 4 sample plots were selected at intense, moderate, slight and potential grades respectively according to the grades of rocky desertification and the characteristics of vegetation succession to research the changes of the plant diversity. The results show that under the disturbance of human activities, the number of plants varies spatially, but the height, ground diameter, crown width and biomass of plants present an obvious increase tendency.The flora feature is that dominant species: Zanthoxylum perform noticeably which accounts for 16.5%, 16.5% and 16.8% of the flora in moderate rocky desertification areas respectively in 2005, 2007 and 2010; 26%, 25.9% and 29.2% in slight rocky desertification areas; and 37.9%, 39.2% and 51.3% in potential rocky desertification areas, and there is an increasing tendency in the proportion. According to the flora classification, plants mainly belong to Gramineae, Compositea, Uphorbiaceae, Moraceae, and Pteridaceae. There is a decreasing tendency of plant diversity with degradation of rocky desertification. The above results indicate that relevant measures should be implemented in different areas with different grades of rocky desertification because of the difference of their vegetation growth, flora distribution and diversity.
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    Spatial Analysis of Construction Land Expansion in the Pearl River Delta during 1988-2006
    YE Yuyao,ZHANG Hong′ou,LIU Kai,SU Yongxian
    2012, 32 (5):  493-500. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (552KB) ( )   Save
    Remote sensing(RS)can provide spatially consistent datasets that cover large areas of land with both high spatial resolution and high temporal frequency. Combination use of RS with GIS can provide more comprehensive assessment of land cover change than that by using RS itself alone. In this paper,the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM)images of 1988,1998,and 2006 are used to detect the expansion of construction land in the Pearl River Delta. Subsequently,the spatial analyses of GIS are used to quantify the spatial characteristics of the construction land expansion. The result shows:1)The spatial analyses used in the paper,including transfer model of spatial gravity center,quadrant buffer analysis,typical location spatial analysis,integrated analysis and landscape pattern analysis,are pretty good to reveal the spatial characteristics of the expansion of construction land. 2)The construction land in the Pearl River Delta has expanded rapidly since 1988,leading to urban and suburban sprawl throughout the region. 3)In the regions near the Pearl estuary and the east coast of the Delta,the construction land expansion is more severe,as compared with that in other regions. That essentially reflects the important impact of Hong Kong,an international megacity,on the expansion of construction land in the Pearl River Delta. From the estuary rim to outer areas,the intensity of the expansion declines gradually,forming a concentric structure of successive change from dramatic to strong,to weak and to stable expansion. 4)The expansion also shows the characteristics of gathering on plains and along the major roads and coastlines in the whole region,posing a great threat to local ecological security. 5)The patches of the construction land are varied in shape,and their distribution is scattered,with a change from senior concentration to dispersion,in succession to junior concentration around the city centers. 6)As the expansion is too fast,sever and scattered,it is an urgent need to strengthen its planning control and guidance,so as to achieve the sustainable use of land resources.
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    Characteristics of the Mineral Water Resources in Guangdong and Suggestions for Their Exploitation and Utilization
    SHI Ningning,ZHUO Wenshan,LIU Zufa,WANG Yaxiong,HUANG Shuxian,XU Hui,LI Wenbin
    2012, 32 (5):  501-507. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (187KB) ( )   Save
    With the rapid industrialization and urbanization in China, problems in urban land use, such as inefficient use and management of land,are getting more and more serious, that may impede urban development. The purpose of this paper is to examin the spatial discrepancy of county urban land use performance in Guangdong. GIS spatial analysis and PSR model based on coordination degree are employed to make the research. The conclusions are that:the discrepancy of urban land use performance in different regions is obvious,the effectiveness performance and efficiency performance show a feature of high spatial agglomeration,while the equity performance is relatively scattered. A similar spatial distribution pattern of the effectiveness performance and the comprehensive performance can be found. The spatial agglomeration of the comprehensive performance can be divided into 4 types,the hot-spot areas and cold-spot areas are widely and steadily distributed. The coordination degree of land use performance presents a “center-periphery” structure,which coincides with the spatial structure of Guangdong.
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    Comparative Analysis between the 2011 Bangkok Flood and Those in Guangzhou
    LI Zhishan,LI Pingri,HUANG Guangqing,YUAN Shaoxiong
    2012, 32 (5):  508-514. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (158KB) ( )   Save
    As costal cities, both Guangzhou and Bangkok are suffered from flood disasters. The 2011 flood in Bangkok that caused heavy losses rang an alarm to other Asian cities for flood control. Analyzing the geographical conditions, climate change, sea level rise, and land subsidence in Bangkok, the paper summarizes the generation mechanism of the 2011 Bangkok flood. Through comparing the similarities and differences of generation mechanism between the two cities, the paper gets the result that Guangzhou would not be flooded for months like Bangkok did in 2011, but Guangzhou should gain enlightenment from Bangkok on flood control. The authors hold that flood control in Guangzhou should be comprehensive and prospective, and the influence of global climate change and urbanization should be considered thoroughly; drainage system in Guangzhou should be planned fitting the natural topography and the change of micro-landscape of the city; the drainage capacity and standard should be increased; and the drainage function of the wetland in the city should be reasonably used. In the paper, bringing the urban wetland into the flood control system is highly suggested.
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    Economic Features of Modern Service Cluster and Their Implications
    ZHONG Yun,LIU Wei
    2012, 32 (5):  515-520. 
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    Promoted by urban planning and the policy of the government,the modern service cluster develops rapidly in recent years in China. Based on reviewing the literatures concerned,the paper defines the concept of modern service cluster. After the economic features of the manufacturing clusters and the industrial features of service industries,the authors consider that modern service clusters are characterized by their quality of embeddedness, network and creativity. Some suggestions are put forward for construction of modern service clusters, especially for that of the three types of service clusters, namely CBD, high-tech park and cultural creativity industry park. As the conclusion, firstly, CBD should strengthen the network of the financial services institutions and professional services institutions, and then reinforce the emdeddedness of the firms located in the district. Secondly, the high-tech industry cluster should enhance the network to construct a technical complex which formed by related technology services. Thirdly, the creativity industry cluster should increase the creativity of the firms that located in the district.
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    Effects of Wuhan-Guangzhou High-speed Railway on Industry Transition of Leiyang City
    LI Xia,ZHOU Guohua,TANG Kai
    2012, 32 (5):  521-526. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (98KB) ( )   Save
    Leiyang, a resource-exhuasted city in Hunan, is facing problems about industry transition. In this paper the effects of the newly-built Wuhan-Guangzhou High-speed Railway on the industry transition of Leiyang are discussed. Oppropriate industries for Leiyang in the transition are selected on the basis of Hr-PCDL model. The results show that the advantages of the High-speed Railway in accessibility, convenience and efficiency would greatly change the industrial developing environment of Leiyang; the agglomeration effect, link-city effect and open effect strengthen the dynamics of the industry transition; the overall layout, strategic positioning and inter-regional cooperation of the industry define the path to industrial transition for Leiyang; tourism industry, modern logistics industry, modern agriculture and light industry should be given priority to develop; cooperation and coordination between Leiyang and surrounding areas should be strengthened via linkage complementarity and dislocation complementarity, so as to avoid a new round of industrial isomorphism and vicious competition in the process of industry trasition.
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    Models of Integrated Development of Coastal Tourism of China Based on Its Connotation
    LI Rui,WU Dianting,ZHU Taoxing,YIN Hongmei,WU Mengshan
    2012, 32 (5):  527-536. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (128KB) ( )   Save
    The world of 21st century is one of the marine economy. The coastal tourism destinations of littorals respond positively to the national development strategies of “bringing in, going out” and “co-ordination of land and sea” and develop sustainably and rapidly the leisure tourism. The appropriate choice of development models is a key to the development of coastal tourism. This article defines clearly the connotation of coastal tourism from the two perspectives of the relationship between the scope and the main driving force and point out that the cross-cutting relationship is existed among the shore tourism, coastal tourism, marine tourism, which is the sum of the phenomena and relationships generated by developing leisure activities along the coastal land and coast in order to meet people's spiritual and material needs and interests of the economic groups in a certain socio-economic conditions based on the logic paradigm of “noumenon-understanding-methodology”. Analyzing its development practices at home and abroad, the coastal tourism should possess six characteristics: coastal ecology and cultural resources uniquely, longer recreation time, superior geography conditions and traffic environment, better economic and industrial development of land and sea, higher technical support and strong maritime awareness. This article constructs the management mode of combing government-oriented with enterprises-driven, the space layout mode driven by clustering and linkage, model of development of RMIP elements from three key areas about the management, space layout and elements of development based on the connotation of coastal tourism and four principles (driven by market economy, participated by various groups, strengthened by local characteristics and protected by recreation environment) in order to provide the theories and practices of development modes for building and improving the coastal tourism destinations of littorals.
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    Comparative Study of Different Rural Tourism Systems Based on Core-oriented Force: An Empirical Analysis of the Three Villages in Guizhou
    WU Yaping,CHEN Zhiyong
    2012, 32 (5):  537-545. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (81KB) ( )   Save
    Three typical villages in Guizhou, which are Tianlongtunbao in Pingba County, Langde Miao Village and Xijiang Miao Village in Leishan County, are taken as examples to study the development of tourism industry of rural areas. The authors hold that the system of rural tourism would include mainly three aspects: property right system based on management right that is linked to tourism resources, operating system of the main rural tourism organizations, and government policy inclination and its management system. On that basis, the three rural tourism villages are horizontally compared from the perspective of institutional arrangements: village tourism strength oriented by community residents, businesses and government shows huge differences in the institutional arrangements, which reflect different interest demands and games in the relevant stakeholders’ aspirations. Different institutional arrangements should be built on the concrete reality in rural scenic resource conditions and socio-economic conditions. When the rural tourism system is constructed, it would affect profoundly rural tourism development
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    Management Model for Mountain-type Tourism Resources: A Case Study of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park
    WU Ronghua,ZHANG Zhaogan,HE Qingyun,QING Xiongzhi
    2012, 32 (5):  546-552. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (117KB) ( )   Save
    Under the premise of the existing management system,how to ensure the balance between protection and development of tourism resources is an important research issues. This paper takes a case study of Zhangjiajie National Forest Park to create the “combining the four factors into one” theoretical management model for mountain-type tourism resources from the perspective of management science, geography,and economics,in which the four factors are protection,development,security and effectiveness evaluation. The optimum management of the tourism resources is the core of the theoretical model. Based on the management model,this article establishes an appropriate index system of “combining the four factors into one” to evaluate the quality of the mountain tourism resources and the present developing situation, and the indexes are combined with tourism area life cycle theory to build the judge coordinates for protection and development of tourism resources. On the basis of the coordinates,the tourist resorts can be classified into four categories from the view of developing situation of management,and suggestions to solve the contradictions between protection and development for every category are put forward. As an example, a two-grade management model for Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is built.
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    Linkage Effect between Air Passenger Traffic and Inbound Tourism and Its Regional Disparity in China
    SU Jianjun,SUN Gennian,ZHAO Duoping
    2012, 32 (5):  553-560. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (191KB) ( )   Save
    The time series data of the inbound tourists and the air passenger traffic from 1978 to 2010,as well as the cross section data of the inbound tourists and the air passenger traffic of 31 provinces in China from 2009 to 2010 are used to study the relationship between inbound tourists and air passenger traffic and its regional disparity by the co-integration test,Granger causality test and correlation analysis. The results show that: 1) there is a stable equilibrium relation between inbound tourists and air passenger traffic and air traffic international routes for a long-range. In addition,inbound tourists and air traffic international routes exist two-way Granger causality,while inbound tourists and air passenger traffic exist one-way Granger causality. Hence,inbound tourists contribute to the development of the air passenger traffic. 2) Section data shows that inbound tourists have a positive linear correlation to air passenger traffic significantly. According to the index of the market share of inbound tourists and air passenger traffic,the 31 provinces can be classified into three types, which are: high passenger traffic-high inbound tourists, medium passenger traffic-medium inbound tourists, and low passenger traffic-low inbound tourists.
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    Influencing Factors of Tourism Based on ESDA Method and Spatial Econometrics
    GE Dongmei,JIANG Lei
    2012, 32 (5):  561-567. 
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    Exploratory spatial data analysis shows that there exists spatial autocorrelation of tourism among the provinces of China, where the tourism distribution presents a condition of obvious spatial cluster. A spatial econometric model is used to conduct an empirical study. The results of spatial lag model via likelihood estimation demonstrates that the parameter ρ is statistically significant both in total and domestic tourism revenue, that means that there is close correlation among the tourism revenues of the neighbouring provinces, and the spillover effect of domestic tourism revenue is greater than that of the total. Economic development level is the most important factor affecting the total, domestic and foreign tourism, and upper class tourism facilities, human resources, and tourism infrastructure are important factors affecting total and domestic tourism development. But inbound tourism model doesn’t fit well.
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    Coupled Coordination Degree of Tourism-Economy-Ecological System in Guangdong Province
    ZHONG Xia,LIU Yihua
    2012, 32 (5):  568-574. 
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    This paper structures a set of indexes for tourism-economic-ecological system according to the data of tourism, economy and environment in Guangdong from 2001 to 2010, and analyzes the coupled coordination degree of the system among 21 cities in Guangdong Province with the help of SPSS and GIS softwares and by using principal component analysis and coupled coordination function modeling method in physics.The results show that the coupled coordination degree of those 21 cities was constantly improving, The average coupled coordination degree was 0.41 in 2001 and 0.54 in 2010. But there were many differences in development of tourism, economy and environment in different cities, the levels of the coupled coordination degree in the 21 cities existed some gaps, and those gaps had an expanding trend. In 2001, the coupled coordination degree of Guangzhou was 0.65 , Shenzhen 0.67,Jieyang 0.29, and Yunfu 0.33. In 2010, the coupled coordination degree of both Guangzhou and Shenzhen was 0.83, but that of Jieyang and Yunfu still very low. Inharmonious development would become the soft spot to improve the competitiveness of Guangdong and those cities in the future.
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