TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 944-951.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002898

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Population Status and Conservation Strategy of the Rare and Endangered Plant Glyptostrobus Pensilis in Guangzhou

CHEN Yuqing1,2,WANG Ruijiang1,ZHU Shuangshuang1,2,JIANG Aolin1,2,ZHOU Lianxuan1   

  1. (1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization//Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany//South China Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510650,China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)
  • Received:2016-03-03 Online:2016-11-05 Published:2016-11-05


Glyptostrobus pensilis is one of the state key protected wild plants listed in Class I, mainly distributed in South and Southeast China, and also found in Vietnam and Laos. It was very common in the Pearl River Delta Region previously but decreased quickly in the past 50 years because of serious disturbance from dramatic human activities, rapid habitat loss and its own physiological defects. It has been now evaluated as “Critically Endangered” category according to IUCN criteria. Our field investigation to the remaining populations of Glyptostrobus pensilis in Guangzhou has recorded the data of habitat types, community profiles, number of individuals, diameter at breast height, tree height, crown breadth, geographic coordinates, regeneration status and threat factors. The field investigation reveals that many wild individuals of G. pensilis died in recent five years and only 14 in eight populations were found in the field in Zengcheng and Conghua Districts, these individuals usually live near the ponds or ditches at village edge or downtown, each population include only 1–4 individuals and can’t be effectively enlarged by natural regeneration. Of these extant plants, half are in bad conditions or at the edge of death. Most existing individuals can produce seeds normally, but the seeds are usually embryos dysplasia and hard to germinate, or hardly survive after sprout. And although some individuals have been protected for conservation by local forestry departments, the trees are still in worrying condition because of the improper conservation strategies. In addition, these plants have not been protected scientifically and reasonably for a very long time. And most of them will become extinct quickly in wild because of the heavy survival pressure, if no any prompt and reasonable conservation methods are provided. Therefore, we put forward the following suggestions for the protection of Glyptostrobus pensilis in Guangzhou: 1) launch in situ and ex situ conservation work, enlarge the quantity of each population, maximally maintain its normal growth to postpone their death and strive to get more time for the population propagation; 2) take the opportunities of urban wetland construction to carry out ex-situ conservation of Glyptostrobus pensilis; 3) develop the seedling propagation, disease and pest control technique; 4) construct germplasm repository of Glyptostrobus pensilis, expand population heterogeneity, enhance genetic exchange, and protect genetic diversity of the taxus; 5) strengthen the conservation genetics research, find out the branches of the pedigree of its genetic structure, so as to guide the scientific practice of conservation biology.

Key words: the rare and endangered plant, Glyptostrobus pensilis, the population status, conservation biology, Guangzhou