Tropical Geography ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1302-1314.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003709

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Urban Agriculture Pattern in High-Quality Urban-Rural Integration Stage: A Case Study of Guangzhou

Ke Luo1(), Yulu Guo1, Ke He2, Changdong Ye2(), Zihan Chen2, Peiyun Ling2   

  1. 1.Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute, Guangzhou 510060, China
    2.College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2022-08-16 Revised:2022-10-27 Online:2023-07-05 Published:2023-08-02
  • Contact: Changdong Ye E-mail:353287772@qq.com;yechangdong@scau.edu.cn

Abstract:

This research investigated the new concept of urban agriculture in the new stage and its patterns based on four practical cases of urban agriculture in Guangzhou: Huacheng Farm Park in Tianhe, Happy Farmland in Haizhu, an urban Jintian in Huangpu, and Amy's Rice Town in Conghua. The results show the following: First, after experiencing the four stages of the independent stage in the urban-rural isolation period, output stage in the rural-support urban period, compensatory stage in the urban-feeding rural period, and modern agriculture stage in the urban-rural integration period, the new stage of urban-rural, high-quality integrated urban agriculture indicates the four new characteristics of new functions, new technologies, new mechanisms, and new forms. Second, based on the concepts of the four new characteristics of urban agriculture in the new stage, the development of urban agriculture in Guangzhou can be summarized by the four basic patterns of stereoscopic agriculture (new form), leisure agriculture (new function), rural complex (new technology), and shared agriculture (new mechanism) distributed from the central to outside region. Stereoscopic agriculture, which is basically located in the CBD, combines agriculture and commercial functions, focusing on new technologies such as e-commerce operations and technological displays, emphasizing the characteristics of commercial operations in the mechanism, and manifesting itself as an intensive three-dimensional construction. Leisure agriculture, essentially located in the urban central area, is the combination of agriculture and the daily recreation function of citizens. It applies park landscape construction and artistic creation techniques, revealing the characteristics of the farming experience and providing leisure parks for citizens. The rural complex is basically located in the inner suburban area and combines agricultural production with scientific research activities. It comprehensively uses new technologies of farmland consolidation and agricultural production and is characterized by science, technology, and agriculture shaped as independent islands. In the outer suburbs, shared agriculture combines traditional agricultural production with the rural tourism experience, in addition to using new agricultural technologies for farmland preparation and production. It also emphasizes using new Internet of Things technologies, highlighting the new mechanism of shared participation, and is designed as standardized farmland. Third, the innovative experience of Guangzhou's urban agriculture development mainly includes strengthening the transformation of agricultural resources and the value of multiple functions; diversified innovation and integration forms; pattern innovation, new technologies, and artificial intelligence to enhance the development of urban agriculture; the combined mechanism of "government, enterprise, and university"; and institutional guarantees to facilitate the implementation of urban agriculture projects. The development of urban agriculture in the new stage of urban-rural integration in Guangzhou provides experience and lessons for other cities.

Key words: high-quality integration of urban and rural areas, urban agriculture, cultivated land protect, urban and rural living environment, landscape blended into countryside, Guangzhou

CLC Number: 

  • F320.1