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    Development Process, Spatial Pattern and Effects of High-Speed Rail Network in China
    WANG Jiao’e,JIAO Jingjuan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (3): 275-282.  
    Abstract2788)      PDF (5993KB)(27071)      

    High speed rail (HSR) is an important part of modern transport infrastructure. The construction of HSR network induces the spatio-temporal convergence and further influences the movement of production elements, the expansion of urban areas as well as the reorganization of regional spatial structure. The paper first analyzes the development process and mode of China’s HSR network, and then explores the characteristics of spatial distribution pattern as well as the coupling relationship with population and economy. Finally, the paper researches the spatial effects of HSR network with GIS method, in terms of the service areas of HSR, time-space convergence effects, and core cities’ commuting regions. Results indicate that: 1)The spatial expansion of HSR in China shows a “core-core” pattern in the early years and then a “core-network” pattern, which is closely related with the distribution of cluster cities; 2) The spatial pattern of HSR is inclined to serve the urban population and industry output, with 50.07% urban population, 73.47% GDP and 98.17% industry output value in 1 hour catchment area; 3) The HSR network leads to an uneven time-space convergence, and cities along the main HSR lines have relatively lower average travel time, showing a corridor effect; Meanwhile, the accessibility of hub cities are improved greatly, which leads to the expansion of hinterlands and convenient movement of production elements as well as the integration of cities in megalopolis.

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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Paleontological Evidence of the Changes of the North Boundary of Southern Mid-Subtropical Zone in Eastern China during Holocene
    LI Zhiwen,LI Baosheng,SUN Li,WANG Fengnian
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2015, 35 (2): 179-185.  
    Abstract2227)      PDF (1710KB)(10153)      

    The climate changed frequently in eastern China during Holocene, that caused significant migration of the mammals for several times. The common species of the mammalian fauna mainly lived in subtropical zone, only a few tropical species such as Hylobates, Elephas maximus, Megatapirus augustus and Rhinoceros sinensis, were mainly distributed in tropical zone and south-subtropical zone, indicating a forest environment with tropical climate features in the south of mid-subtropical zone. Studying the faunal composition and geographic distribution characteristics in different phases of Holocene in South China, this paper inferred the climate variation in different phases of Holocene according to the distribution of the tropical species and their far-north living boundary. The results were as follows: the climate gradually turned warmer after the last glacial epoch in Holocene, the north boundary of the southern mid-subtropical zone moved southwards by nearly 2 latitude degrees during 14 000- 12 000 a BP, the mean temperature of January in this period was about 3-5℃ lower than that today. The transitionally warm period was 12 000-8 500 a BP, when the climate was approaximately similar to that of today. The Megathermal period was from 8 500-5 000 a BP. With the north boundary at Qinling-Huaihe, and the mean temperature was about 7-9℃ higher than today’s in January. The transitionally cold period was 5 000-3 000 a BP, the north boundary reached the Yangtze River Basin, and the temperature was about 5-6℃ higher than today’s in January. Then from 3 000 a BP, the climate was getting colder, and the north boundary of the zone retreated southwards. Those phenomena suggested the significant changes of the climatic zone and the bio-climate variations in Holocene.

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    Discussion on Hexi Sub-CBD Development in Nanjing
    GUI Yaoyao, ZHU Xigang
    null    2010, 30 (2): 188-193.  
    Abstract1838)      PDF (480KB)(5672)      
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    LIU Kai, LI Xia, WANG Shu-gong, QIAN Jun-ping, ZHONG Kai-wen
    null    2005, 25 (2): 111-116.  
    Abstract2829)      PDF (1035KB)(5619)      
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    Reflections of Urban Planning on the Context of an Aging Society
    LI Xiaoyun, TIAN Yinsheng, CHEN Jintang
    null    2011, 31 (6): 575-579.  
    Abstract2079)      PDF (54KB)(4871)      
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    Cited: Baidu(6)
    Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Variation Characteristics of Population Distribution at County Level in the Pearl River Delta
    YOU Zhen,WANG Lu,FENG Zhiming,YANG Yanzhao
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (2): 156-163.  
    Abstract2704)      PDF (464KB)(3717)      
    The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the regions with fastest economic development in China. The process of population concentration and decentralization in this region has been being focused by researchers. In this study, based on the population census data in the PRD from 1982 to 2010, we analyzed the growth and reduction of population, the concentration level of population and stability of population so as to investigate the change of spatial pattern of the population’s concentration and decentralization. The results showed that: (1) The growth rate of population from 1982 to 2010 in the PRD was 215.61%, which far exceeded the growth rate averaged over the whole country; (2) The population increased more significantly in the middle and east parts of PRD; (3) The population agglomerating level in the PRD was greater than that in the whole country. The city of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan had become the cluster centers in PRD; (4) More and more floating population moved into PRD, especially in the middle and east parts, from 1982 to 2010. The increasing population and agglomerating level of population in the study region were mainly due to this influx. However, the rate of the influx in PRD slowed down in the past decade.
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    Progress in Domestic and Foreign Study on Spatial Layout of Public Service Facilities
    CHENG Shunqi,QI Xinhua,JIN Xingxing,LI Damou,LIN Han
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2016, 36 (1): 122-131.   doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002795
    Abstract1866)      PDF (601KB)(3673)      
    One of the important reasons for the recent divergence in and outside our country is the gap among the levels of public service. As the carriers of the public service, the scientific and effective space layout of public service facilities is significant to realize the equalization of public service. This paper is a review of public service facilities spatial layout research at home and abroad. According to the time sequence, we discuss the progress in spatial layout studies from the research perspective, method and topics. The results show that: the theme of the foreign research experiences an evolution from layout pattern, space layout of the equality, and accessibility to spatial layout of the social differentiation and its formation mechanism; the perspective of foreign research develops from pure quantitative geography to multi-interdisciplinary subject crossing other subjects such as economics and sociology; the method develops from model establishment to integration of GIS and other methods. There exist significant gaps between the research in China and that in foreign countries. In China, the interdisciplinary mixture is insufficient. The methods are mainly derived from abroad on the whole. The theme of the study is narrow. We put forward some suggestions for future research: expand the connotation of accessibility and the connotation of fairness metrics to measure the equality, integrate multiple facilities layout based on the people-oriented idea, pay more attention to the promptness and variability of facilities, make full use of big data to carry out empirical research on small scale, realize equalization of public service facilities under the background of balancing the urban and rural areas.
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    WANG Wei-chen, HUANG Shao-hui
    null    1999, 19 (3): 258-263.  
    Abstract2152)      PDF (231KB)(3626)      
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    A Study of the Strategy of Metro Transit-Oriented Development in Guangzhou
    LI Wen-ling, CHEN Jian-long
    null    2008, 28 (4): 363-368.  
    Abstract3055)      PDF (294KB)(3539)      
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    null    2002, 22 (2): 125-129.  
    Abstract2017)      PDF (202KB)(3451)      
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    Cited: Baidu(20)
    DENG Mao-ying, XIE Li, LIN Xiao-hua
    null    2000, 20 (1): 32-37.  
    Abstract2167)      PDF (292KB)(3435)      
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    Cited: Baidu(40)
    System Coupling between Urbanization and Eco-Environment: Research Progress in China
    LUO Ti,LIU Yanfang,KONG Xuesong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (2): 266-274.  
    Abstract2274)      PDF (756KB)(3349)      

    The correlation and interaction between urbanization and ecological environment changing, is geared to the important topic of the comprehensive research for the sustainable development of human and natural process. Based on the theory of system coupling, this paper regards the collection of various urban cultural elements with the characteristics of urbanization and the collection of all kinds of natural elements of the ecological environment as two systems which are independent but influence each other, and summarizes recent progress in the relationship between urbanization and eco-environment change from the perspective of theory and methodology respectively. Chinese scholars not only analyze the system coupling relationship and evolution rule between urbanization and eco-environment change, and evaluate the coupling mechanism of inter-elements and inter-system quantitatively, but also put forward approach to realize the coordination between urbanization and eco-environment. Overall speaking, the contents of domestic researches show the multi-dimensional characteristics in the contained factors and the involved subjects. The diversification methods, especially the “3S” technology and multiple quantitative analytical methods are used to obtain the statistics and analysis data effectively, to reveal the mutual influence of urbanization and ecological environment change, and to predict the evolution trend of the future. The research objects show regional features obviously. The developed areas and the areas with fragile eco-environment are always the research focuses. The peri-urban areas are being paid more and more attention. Some researches focus on the eco-environmental influence of the urbanization of many rural areas. But the theoretical and methodology basis has been weak relatively because these researches still stay at groping stage. At the same time, the lack of quantitative evaluation index system and the hysteresis passivity of relevant researches will block the research progress. In the future, the coupling theory of urbanization and ecological environment system framework and method system, the index system of observation and evaluation, the warning mechanism, and the urban ecological space expansion and optimization methods will be the main research directions. In addition, the exchanges and cooperation of different subjects should be strengthened, to provide more solid foundation for the research of urbanization and eco-environment system coupling.

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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Space-Time Analysis of Religious Landscape in China
    ZHONG Yexi,BAO Shuming
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (5): 591-598.  
    Abstract2669)      PDF (7736KB)(3083)      

    The space-time analysis of spatial distribution of religious sites can provide the insightful information about the formation and diffusion mechanism of religious landscapes. As an important part of religious landscapes, religious sites are the focus of religious geography researches. To reveal the law of temporal evolution of Chinese religious landscapes, the methods of mathematical statistics and spatial analysis are used in this paper. Based on the data of religious sites from the economic census in China, this paper analyzed the spatial distribution of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Christianity in the 342 cities of mainland China, which may reveal the future trends of religious landscapes in China. The results from those analysis show that: 1) All religions have experienced significant growth since 1978; 2) There’s an unbalanced development of religions with significant differences over the space and time in China; 3) Different expansion modes and expansion strategies adopted by different religions, dominated the temporal evolution of the spatial pattern of religion. The spatial structure of the dominated religion changes significantly. 4) Different models of religious development existed in different regions. There are different religious landscapes between the Han areas and ethnic minority areas. The phenomena of over- agglomerate and rapid expansion exist in different religion. Different development modes are also showed in deffernet religion. Those research results from this paper may help a better understanding of the future trends of religious landscape in China and provide the reference for religious policies.

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    Cited: Baidu(3)
    YANG Li-hui, YE Wei, ZHU Li-dong, LI Feng-quan, SHEN Ye-qin
    null    2005, 25 (4): 293-297.  
    Abstract2014)      PDF (847KB)(3022)      
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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Spatial Distribution of Road Dust Magnetic Susceptibility of Xuchang and Its Pollutional Implications
    YAN Hui,WU Guoxi,LI Jingzhong,LI Dong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (2): 219-223.  
    Abstract1777)      PDF (314KB)(3001)      
    The use of magnetic susceptibility characteristics of the urban road dust to reflect the city's pollution is an important part of the environmental magnetic studies. The results of road dust magnetic susceptibility of Xuchang city show that: Road dust magnetic susceptibility ranges from 98.33~600.92×10-8 m3·kg-1, and the average value is 319.72× 10-8 m3·kg-1, frequency magnetic susceptibility ranges from 0.20~5.94%, with an average of 1.92%. The high magnetic susceptibility values and the low frequency magnetic susceptibility suggest that road dust has less super paramagnetic particles content, and the high magnetic susceptibility is mainly caused by the magnetic particle deposition due to human activities. Spatial characters of road dust magnetic susceptibility display a decreasing trend from northwest to southeast, which mainly caused by the city's function zoning, population density, traffic flux and environmental quality. The road dust samples of Tiexi District and the Old District have the highest magnetic susceptibility values, reflecting the serious environmental pollution that caused by high population density, heavy traffic flux and industrial activities. In East District, High-tech Development District and Southeast District the road dust magnetic susceptibility values are lower, indicating the better environmental condition. Moreover, due to the heavy traffic in the commercial centers and the freeway entrances, road dust magnetic susceptibility values are higher than those in surrounding areas. The magnetic susceptibility characteristics of road dust can intuitively reflect the pollution of the city.
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    Cited: Baidu(13)
    ZHENG Zhi-qing
    null    2005, 25 (3): 243-247.  
    Abstract1678)      PDF (232KB)(2996)      
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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Reconstruction of Urban Cultural Consumption Space in Guangzhou against the Background of Globalization: A Case Study of Starbucks
    LIAO Kaihuai, LI Lixun, ZHANG Hong'ou
    null    2012, 32 (2): 160-166.  
    Abstract3630)      PDF (238KB)(2957)      
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    Cited: Baidu(3)
    Review of Urban Growth Boundary Research and Analysis of Its Sinicization
    WU Qing, ZHONG Shiyu
    null    2011, 31 (4): 409-415.  
    Abstract2696)      PDF (66KB)(2940)      
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    Cited: Baidu(6)
    A Review on the Study of Urban Spatial Structure Home and Abroad
    JIN Mei-juan, ZHANG Zhi-bin
    null    2006, 26 (2): 134-138,172.  
    Abstract1995)      PDF (276KB)(2909)      
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    Cited: Baidu(16)
    Mixed Land Use for Urban Development: Models and Strategies
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2012, 32 (04): 402-408.  
    Abstract2058)      PDF (714KB)(2904)      
    Cities have always been the places where multi-functions aggromerate, and have witnessed the increasingly open and integrated development under the situation of globalization and informationalization, thus showing an increasing trend of diversification and differentiation. Mixed land use has been a common choice to address the trend and improve the level of urbanization. In this paper, the paths of the mixed land use of Chinese and foreign cities are summarized, and models and strategies of mixed land use are explored from the aspect of three spatial dimensions including urban district, community and building. Combined with the experience of the new urbanization practice in Guangdong Province, some ideas about people diversification, “white sites” reserved in developing district, “brownfield” referred in urban renewal, and “filling-type” development are presented, and the comprehensive development strategies of TOD plus SOD and EOD are put forward for exploring the possible ways to optimize the urban land use, enhance the vitality of public spaces and promote pluralistic inclusive development.
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    Cited: Baidu(2)
    MAI Shao-zhi, XU Song-jun, PAN Ying-jun
    null    2005, 25 (4): 317-321.  
    Abstract2538)      PDF (247KB)(2842)      
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    Cited: Baidu(81)
    Progress of the Supply of Urban Public Service Facilities in Western Countries and Its Enlightenment to China
    GAO Junbo, SU Hua
    null    2010, 30 (1): 8-12,29.  
    Abstract2307)      PDF (201KB)(2758)      
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    Cited: Baidu(9)
    null    2002, 22 (2): 134-137.  
    Abstract2181)      PDF (176KB)(2747)      
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Urban Population Density Based on Google Earth:A Case of Qingyuan City,Guangdong Province
    YU Yang, ZHEN Feng
    null    2009, 29 (6): 561-566.  
    Abstract2587)      PDF (338KB)(2685)      
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    Cited: Baidu(10)
    Analysis of the Participation Mechanism of Villagers in Urban Village Reconstruction:A Case Study of Liede Village in Guangzhou City
    TAN Xiaohong, YUAN Qifeng, Lü Bin
    journal1    2012, 32 (6): 618-625.  
    Abstract3470)      PDF (586KB)(2572)      
    The paper studies the villagers’ participation in the process of reconstruction of Urban Villages through a case study of Liede Village which is the first urban village to be reconstructed in Guangzhou. The authors empirically investigate the organization and participation of the villagers in the whole process of reconstruction of the village,and make conclusions on the villagers’ participation and analysis from the perspective of New Institution Economics. It is found that there exists serious imbalance of information between the Village Committee and normal villagers, and the normal villgers have seldom decision power. The normal villagers play a rather passive role of “being informed”.The main problem lies on the huge gap between the official institution arrangement and villagers’ demand and interest in participation in reconstruction of Liede Village. Therefore all kinds of informal participation means are created through internet and local network, and it directly leads to transition of institution. This article put forward some suggestions on the institution construction that would help to enhance the villagers’ participation according to the local resources, in order to promote the successful transition of the community governance.
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    Zhang Jia'en
    null    1999, 19 (2): 137-141.  
    Abstract1904)      PDF (258KB)(2569)      
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    Cited: Baidu(6)
    On Characteristics and Spatial Difference of Floating Populations in Guangzhou
    YAO Hua-song, XU Xue-qiang, XUE De-sheng
    null    2008, 28 (3): 259-264.  
    Abstract2082)      PDF (266KB)(2569)      
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    Cited: Baidu(20)
    The Rising of Macao and Relations with Guangzhou under the Particular Tribute Trade Policy in the Ming Dynasty
    LI Yan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (6): 756-765.  
    Abstract2339)      PDF (318KB)(2561)      
    The rising of Macao in the Middle and Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty was an inevitable outcome since the Ming Government carried out very special foreign trade policy, although Macao was selected by Portuguese occasionally after they went through many changes. The paper tries to explore as a very tiny area why Macao could become a very important port of transshipment in the east-west trade at that time based on the particular tribute trade in the Ming Dynasty, and specially focuses on the influence of Guangzhou and economic relations between Macao and Guangzhou. In addition, the study analyzes the similarities and differences of Macao, Guangzhou and Yuegang, which were the only three open ports in the Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty, from the perspective of national trade. It is believed that the rising of Macao was largely benefited from the restrictions of Tribute Trade Policy of the Ming Dynasty to private foreign trade and traditional port development. Furthermore, Guangzhou had advantage in national foreign trade but shortage in some port functions, that helped Macao to establish the biggest international trade framework in the world at that time to play a role equivalent to an outer port of Guangzhou.
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    SONG Shu-long, LI Zhen
    null    2000, 20 (2): 121-124.  
    Abstract2261)      PDF (174KB)(2554)      
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    Cited: Baidu(19)
    Development Status of Persons Aged 65 Years and Over in Canada
    ZHANG Guixia
    null    2011, 31 (5): 526-530.  
    Abstract1792)      PDF (54KB)(2543)      
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    Features of Coastal Landforms in Dapeng Peninsula of Shenzhen, China
    ZHANG Song, SUN Xianling, WANG Wei, HUANG Rihui, LAI Yixun, LIU Yun, ZHU Lei, SONG Ting, JIN Xingxing, ZHANG Huanhuan, TIAN Xuelian
    Tropical Geography    2013, 33 (6): 647-658.  
    Abstract2465)      PDF (6731KB)(2477)      
    The Dapeng Peninsula is located in the eastern part of Shenzhen, Guangdong. The peninsula has a wide variety of different coastal landforms. In this paper, the basic features of the coastal landforms of the Dapeng Peninsula are discussed. The results of field investigations and laboratory experiments show that the peninsula’s coastal landforms can be classified into three groups: rocky coasts, depositional coasts, and biological coasts. As lying in a fault uplift zone, the rocky coasts occupy most of the coastal line of Dapeng Peninsula. Typical costal erosion landforms such as sea cliffs, wave cut benches, sea caves, sea arches and sea stacks can always be found on the coasts. Depositional coasts of the peninsula develop in bays between rocky headlands. Generally, a barrier-lagoon system is formed in the bay which is deeply embayed with a stream flowing in. In the bay without streams, a bay head beach develops. The middle of the peninsula is narrow and shaped somewhat like a dumbbell, and muddy beaches are formed in its eastern coast because the coastline concaves deeply landwards providing shelter from wave attacks. Mangroves grow in the muddy beaches, as well as the lagoons. Coral reefs are found in the shallow water areas around the coasts of the peninsula. According to the field evidences and the dating of the sediments of the Dapeng Peninsula and its surrounding areas cited from the previous studies, the main important factors controlling the development of the peninsula’s coastal landforms were geological structures and sea-level changes during Holocene; The peninsula’s coastal landforms began to develop after middle Holocene; no strong structural uplift had happened in the areas of the peninsula since middle Holocene; The sea level had a higher standing after the middle Holocene on the coasts of the Dapeng peninsula.
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    Cited: Baidu(9)
    Zheng Jing, Xu Xueqiang, Chen Haoguang
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    1994, 14 (2): 133-142.  
    Abstract1215)      PDF (642KB)(2417)      

    Based on the census data of 1991,the population structure in 91 blocks of Guangzhou and their characteristics on space distribution are discussed.Compered with that in 1982,the basic characteristics on space changes are indicated.1) The urban population density is variously high.In central part of the city,31.35% of the people live in 6.7% of the area.In spite of the situation like this,the density of the central part tends to decrease, but that of the marginal districts tends to increase.Additionally, the increasing speed of population in the central pert is lower than that in the marginal ones.2)The population average age in the central pet is larger than that in the marginal.The communities of Core Family appear in the newly-built residential parts around the city border.From the structure of reseneration ages,the percentages of age from 0 to 14, from 15 to 49 and over 50 in central part are 16.1%, 59.4% and 24.5%,respectively.But those in the marginal districts are 14.9%,68.2% and 16.8%.In Guangzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone which rose in recent years, the Percentase of young people is above 90%.3)The sex ratio varies greatly(95.63-274.03).The further it is away from the central part, the higher the sex ratio is.This relates to the difference of occupation's space distribution, age structure and historical male immigrants.4)The distribution of occupation smicture matches the industrial structure.The 3rd industrial area is located at the northeast.The fixture of the 1st and 2nd stand at southwest.In the middle, the mixture of the 2nd and 3rd industries.5)The average education level is 9.35 years.It is high in the east, low in the west.This matches the space structure of occupation types.6) Muslin, Zhuang, Man are the main minority nationalities.Their percentages to the total population are 0.21%, 0.13% and 0.13% respectively.Although their population is small, their space distributions are relatively concentrated with lucrative businesses.General speaking, the space distribution of population structure is quite disbalanced.It is the combinative consequence of natural and historic background,city functions arrangment,industrial structure and urban planning.

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    Cited: Baidu(11)
    null    2004, 24 (4): 337-340,345.  
    Abstract2374)      PDF (213KB)(2392)      
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    Cited: Baidu(13)
    Concept and Development of Rural Landscape
    FAN Jianhong, WEI Cheng, LI Songzhi
    null    2009, 29 (3): 285-289,306.  
    Abstract2074)      PDF (238KB)(2376)      
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    Cited: Baidu(15)
    Township GDP Estimation of the Pearl River Delta Based on the NPP-VIIRS Night-Time Satellite Data
    CHAI Ziwei,WANG Shuailei,QIAO Jigang
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2015, 35 (3): 379-385.  
    Abstract2586)      PDF (4557KB)(2371)      

    Though the high resolution data of GDP distribution is difficult to collect, it is very important for small scale regional development research. Night-time satellite images can be used to estimate GDP of administrative unit. In this paper, DMAP-OLS and NPP-VIIRS are used to estimate township GDP of the Pearl River Delta district: DMAP-OLS data are employed to modify NPP-VIIRS data, and then regression model about GDP and NPP-VIIRS Pixel brightness are built to estimate township GDP. Regional difference coefficients are employed to adjust the township GDP based on city level GDP data. Experiments show that the estimating accuracy of township GDP value in 2013 a reaches to 85%, and NPP-VIIRS data is valid data resource for township GDP estimation.

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    Cited: Baidu(13)
    Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis of Land Use Intensity in Guangzhou City
    XIE Zhengfeng, WANG Qian
    null    2009, 29 (2): 129-133.  
    Abstract2664)      PDF (331KB)(2366)      
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    Cited: Baidu(33)
    Progress in the Studies of Carbon Emission Estimation
    LIU Mingda,MENG Jijun,LIU Bihan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (2): 248-258.  
    Abstract2485)      PDF (627KB)(2359)      

    Much attention in the world has been paid to study of Carbon emission. The reliability of carbon emission data depends on the reasonability of estimating method. In recent years progress has been made in research of carbon emission estimating methods. This paper discussed different carbon emission inventories of IPCC and China in theory, analyzed the pros and cons of three main approaches of estimating carbon emission as well as their appropriate objects, which are emission-factor approach, mass-balance approach, and experiment approach. Then in practice, the paper set out the inventories of carbon emission and the estimating approaches based on five spatial scales of units, which are country/province, city, settlement, individual building and family. Summarizing the existing research results, the paper put up a frame and a paradigm of carbon emission research. The main conclusions can be drawn as follows: 1) such a situation has been formed that IPCC leads the examination of carbon emission with many other agencies taking part in. The research area has had now much clearer framework, better approaches and broader appropriate scope. 2) The inventory and estimating approaches given by IPCC have been used in studying different spatial scales of units. Some new branches of learning are generated when they are used in city unit. 3) The study of carbon emission estimation still has problems, such as the disequilibrium of the studies on different spatial scale units that leads to less attention to be paid to the study of meso-scale units, the defects of the estimation methods themselves, and the external limitation of data acquisition, etc. 4) China has produced the inventory which is suitable for her own situation. In addition, a lot of progress in China have been made in the examinations of historic carbon emissions, regional differences of carbon emissions, and carbon emissions from natural ecosystems. But the problems of lacking in innovation of theory, less improvement of research methods and limitation in data obtaining still exist.

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    Development of “China Tourism Special Zone” in Hainan Province for Responding to “One Belt and One Road” Initiative
    FU Yeqin,LI Yong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2015, 35 (5): 646-654.   doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002770
    Abstract2826)      PDF (565KB)(2349)      

    Based on analysis of related literature, the paper introduces the connotation of “One Belt and One Road” Initiative, analyzes the relationship between “One Belt and One Road” Initiative and the development of tourism industry in Hainan, and researches comprehensively the present situation, connotation, background, internal conditions and external factors, and vision of the development of “China Tourism Special Zone” in Hainan Province. The study finds that: the exploration and innovation of “China Tourism Special Zone” in Hainan province mainly are reflected in development concept, development content, development form, operation mechanism and system mechanisms. The development of “China Tourism Special Zone” will benefit seizing opportunities of “One Belt and One Road” Initiative, solving existing problems of tourism industry development, and improving the overall level of tourism industry development in Hainan Province. The internal and external influencing factors of “China Tourism Special Zone” mainly display in political aspect, economic aspect, social aspect, and technology aspect, etc. Among them, advantages and opportunities are the development mainstream of “China Tourism Special Zone”. The vision development of “China Tourism Special Zone” in Hainan Province mainly is reflected in the specifications and grades, internationalization and product diversification level of the overall tourism destination in Hainan Province. Finally, according to the requirements of “One Belt and One Road” Initiative and the actual development of the tourism industry in Hainan province, the paper proposes some measures including establishing the development concepts, improving the supporting policies, advancing regional tourism cooperation, and creating the special tourism product system. The paper expands the research field of “One Belt and One Road” Initiative, and provides some references for the international development of tourism industry in Hainan Province.

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    REN Hai
    null    2005, 25 (3): 195-200.  
    Abstract2466)      PDF (285KB)(2346)      
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    Cited: Baidu(41)