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    Development Process, Spatial Pattern and Effects of High-Speed Rail Network in China
    WANG Jiao’e,JIAO Jingjuan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (3): 275-282.  
    Abstract3390)      PDF (5993KB)(27379)      

    High speed rail (HSR) is an important part of modern transport infrastructure. The construction of HSR network induces the spatio-temporal convergence and further influences the movement of production elements, the expansion of urban areas as well as the reorganization of regional spatial structure. The paper first analyzes the development process and mode of China’s HSR network, and then explores the characteristics of spatial distribution pattern as well as the coupling relationship with population and economy. Finally, the paper researches the spatial effects of HSR network with GIS method, in terms of the service areas of HSR, time-space convergence effects, and core cities’ commuting regions. Results indicate that: 1)The spatial expansion of HSR in China shows a “core-core” pattern in the early years and then a “core-network” pattern, which is closely related with the distribution of cluster cities; 2) The spatial pattern of HSR is inclined to serve the urban population and industry output, with 50.07% urban population, 73.47% GDP and 98.17% industry output value in 1 hour catchment area; 3) The HSR network leads to an uneven time-space convergence, and cities along the main HSR lines have relatively lower average travel time, showing a corridor effect; Meanwhile, the accessibility of hub cities are improved greatly, which leads to the expansion of hinterlands and convenient movement of production elements as well as the integration of cities in megalopolis.

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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Features and Influencing Factors of Energy-related Carbon Emissions in Mega City: A Case Study of Guangzhou
    WANG Changjian, ZHANG Hong’ou, WANG Fei, YE Yuyao, WU Kangmin, XU Qian, DU Zhiwei
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2018, 38 (6): 759-770.   DOI: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003078
    Abstract1663)      PDF (878KB)(18924)      
    Cities are the main sources of carbon emissions throughout the world, which are also the major components in the implementation of carbon mitigation measures. Examining and understanding the features and drivers of carbon emissions in cities is considered a fundamental step for implementing “low carbon city” strategies and actions. Based on the apparent energy consumption data, a systematic and comprehensive city-level total carbon accounting approach was established and applied in Guangzhou City. A newly extended LMDI method based on the Kaya identity was adopted to examine the main drivers for carbon emissions increments both at the industrial sectors and the residential sectors. Economic, population and energy data were collected from the Guangdong Province Statistical Yearbook (2004-2014) and Guangzhou City Statistical Yearbook (2004-2014). The main contribution of our paper is providing an in depth analysis of energy-related carbon emissions at city level considering multiple factors in regional China. This paper also provides temporal variations in the influence factors of carbon emission over a period between 2003 and 2013. Research results show that coal consumption was still the main contributor to energy-related carbon emissions during the whole research period, while oil consumption played relatively important and positive effect on energy consumption structure optimization and carbon emissions mitigation. In addition, imported electricity played an important role in the energy consumption system in Guangzhou. Manufacturing industries and service industries were the main carbon emitting sectors in Guangzhou during the period from 2003 to 2014. Contributions of manufacturing industries for carbon emissions decreased gradually, while contributions of service industries for carbon emissions performed an increasing trend in recent years. The influences and impacts of various driving factors on industrial and residential carbon emissions are different in the three different development periods, namely, the 10th five-year plan period (2003-2005), the 11th five-year plan period (2005-2010), and the 12th five-year plan period (2010-2013). Affluence effect was the dominant positive effect in driving emissions increase, while energy intensity effect of production, economic structure effect and carbon intensity effect of production were the main contributing factors suppressing emissions growth at the industrial sector. Affluence effect of urban areas was the most dominant positive driving factor on emissions increment, while energy intensity effect of urban areas played the most important role in curbing emissions growth at the residential sector. Solving these issues effectively will be of great help for Guangzhou’s sustainable development.
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    Paleontological Evidence of the Changes of the North Boundary of Southern Mid-Subtropical Zone in Eastern China during Holocene
    LI Zhiwen,LI Baosheng,SUN Li,WANG Fengnian
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2015, 35 (2): 179-185.  
    Abstract2870)      PDF (1710KB)(10336)      

    The climate changed frequently in eastern China during Holocene, that caused significant migration of the mammals for several times. The common species of the mammalian fauna mainly lived in subtropical zone, only a few tropical species such as Hylobates, Elephas maximus, Megatapirus augustus and Rhinoceros sinensis, were mainly distributed in tropical zone and south-subtropical zone, indicating a forest environment with tropical climate features in the south of mid-subtropical zone. Studying the faunal composition and geographic distribution characteristics in different phases of Holocene in South China, this paper inferred the climate variation in different phases of Holocene according to the distribution of the tropical species and their far-north living boundary. The results were as follows: the climate gradually turned warmer after the last glacial epoch in Holocene, the north boundary of the southern mid-subtropical zone moved southwards by nearly 2 latitude degrees during 14 000- 12 000 a BP, the mean temperature of January in this period was about 3-5℃ lower than that today. The transitionally warm period was 12 000-8 500 a BP, when the climate was approaximately similar to that of today. The Megathermal period was from 8 500-5 000 a BP. With the north boundary at Qinling-Huaihe, and the mean temperature was about 7-9℃ higher than today’s in January. The transitionally cold period was 5 000-3 000 a BP, the north boundary reached the Yangtze River Basin, and the temperature was about 5-6℃ higher than today’s in January. Then from 3 000 a BP, the climate was getting colder, and the north boundary of the zone retreated southwards. Those phenomena suggested the significant changes of the climatic zone and the bio-climate variations in Holocene.

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    Discussion on Hexi Sub-CBD Development in Nanjing
    GUI Yaoyao, ZHU Xigang
       2010, 30 (2): 188-193.  
    Abstract2332)      PDF (480KB)(6008)      
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    LIU Kai, LI Xia, WANG Shu-gong, QIAN Jun-ping, ZHONG Kai-wen
       2005, 25 (2): 111-116.  
    Abstract3372)      PDF (1035KB)(5943)      
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    Reflections of Urban Planning on the Context of an Aging Society
    LI Xiaoyun, TIAN Yinsheng, CHEN Jintang
       2011, 31 (6): 575-579.  
    Abstract2599)      PDF (54KB)(5295)      
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    Cited: Baidu(6)
    The Progress of Child Trafficking Studies in China and Abroad since 2000: A Bibliometric Analysis Based on CiteSpace
    Junjun Zhou, Gang Li, Dandan Hong, Feng Xu, Jiahui Xu, Yue Yu, Xiliang Chen
    Tropical Geography    2022, 42 (9): 1430-1442.   DOI: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003542
    Abstract424)   HTML6)    PDF (1580KB)(5114)      

    As a crime that threatens public safety and social stability, child trafficking has attracted widespread attention from all sectors of society. Few studies have been conducted on child trafficking, especially in the literature review conducted from the perspective of comparison between China and abroad, which makes it difficult to fully reveal the system and development of current research. This study clarifies the thematic structure and development of child trafficking in China and abroad, based on the "Web of ScienceTM Core Collection" and CNKI data sources, using CiteSpace software. Specifically, the study comparatively examines the progress of child trafficking studies in China and abroad since 2000 and analyzes future development trends from the time of publication, regional and subject distribution, research institutions, and keyword co-occurrence. We hope that this work provides a relatively complete and objective understanding for innovative future research. The results indicate that: (1) the research on child trafficking started earlier abroad, and the theoretical system and research methods are relatively mature. From 2000 to 2020, a total of 215 articles were published in Web of Science, showing two stages of fluctuating and rapid growth, and USA ranks first worldwide. There are 46 core articles published in CNKI, showing two stages of initial exploration and fluctuating growth overall, with a relatively slow growth rate in China. More studies are distributed in the fields of social studies, psychology, pediatrics, family studies and criminology in abroad, while domestic studies are mainly distributed in the field of law, criminology and sociology. In recent years, the research in the field of geography has risen rapidly, and there is ample room for development. (2) Due to the differences in regional environment and national conditions, international child trafficking is part of a study on human trafficking, which is mainly for the purpose of exploitation, including direct and indirect exploitation, involving various topics such as commercial sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, trafficking human organs, child marriage trafficking, and other types of trafficking. Commercial trafficking and sexual exploitation are the main research hotspots of child trafficking. Child trafficking in China is usually discussed in combination with the trafficking of women, focusing on the provincial trafficking for the purpose of adoption, and "family control" and "lured adoption" are common ways of committing crimes. The legal policy and social reasons surrounding child trafficking are hot topics of concern. (3) With the increase in interdisciplinary integration, child trafficking involves suicide risk and well-being, rehabilitation and return to society, child protection and trafficking prevention and control measures, which have become popular topics abroad. The theme of domestic child trafficking has extended from focusing on legal policies and social reasons to spatial-temporal patterns, influencing factors, resettlement, and social integration. In the future, how to integrate the relevant parties involved in child trafficking (criminals, victims or guardians, and other people) with the spatio-temporal environment (social environment, built environment, and surrounding people flow environment), and explore the evolution of geographical factors and the spatio-temporal activity trajectory of child trafficking from the perspective of criminal geography? It is important to deeply analyze the occurrence mechanism of child trafficking from the interactive perspective of time, space, and humans. How to make full use of the modern technological means to track and combat child trafficking in practice, to contribute to the prevention and management of this issue at home and abroad, constitutes a key question.

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    WANG Wei-chen, HUANG Shao-hui
       1999, 19 (3): 258-263.  
    Abstract2892)      PDF (231KB)(4684)      
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    Progress in Domestic and Foreign Study on Spatial Layout of Public Service Facilities
    CHENG Shunqi,QI Xinhua,JIN Xingxing,LI Damou,LIN Han
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2016, 36 (1): 122-131.   DOI: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002795
    Abstract2910)      PDF (601KB)(4359)      
    One of the important reasons for the recent divergence in and outside our country is the gap among the levels of public service. As the carriers of the public service, the scientific and effective space layout of public service facilities is significant to realize the equalization of public service. This paper is a review of public service facilities spatial layout research at home and abroad. According to the time sequence, we discuss the progress in spatial layout studies from the research perspective, method and topics. The results show that: the theme of the foreign research experiences an evolution from layout pattern, space layout of the equality, and accessibility to spatial layout of the social differentiation and its formation mechanism; the perspective of foreign research develops from pure quantitative geography to multi-interdisciplinary subject crossing other subjects such as economics and sociology; the method develops from model establishment to integration of GIS and other methods. There exist significant gaps between the research in China and that in foreign countries. In China, the interdisciplinary mixture is insufficient. The methods are mainly derived from abroad on the whole. The theme of the study is narrow. We put forward some suggestions for future research: expand the connotation of accessibility and the connotation of fairness metrics to measure the equality, integrate multiple facilities layout based on the people-oriented idea, pay more attention to the promptness and variability of facilities, make full use of big data to carry out empirical research on small scale, realize equalization of public service facilities under the background of balancing the urban and rural areas.
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Variation Characteristics of Population Distribution at County Level in the Pearl River Delta
    YOU Zhen,WANG Lu,FENG Zhiming,YANG Yanzhao
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (2): 156-163.  
    Abstract3337)      PDF (464KB)(4065)      
    The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the regions with fastest economic development in China. The process of population concentration and decentralization in this region has been being focused by researchers. In this study, based on the population census data in the PRD from 1982 to 2010, we analyzed the growth and reduction of population, the concentration level of population and stability of population so as to investigate the change of spatial pattern of the population’s concentration and decentralization. The results showed that: (1) The growth rate of population from 1982 to 2010 in the PRD was 215.61%, which far exceeded the growth rate averaged over the whole country; (2) The population increased more significantly in the middle and east parts of PRD; (3) The population agglomerating level in the PRD was greater than that in the whole country. The city of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan had become the cluster centers in PRD; (4) More and more floating population moved into PRD, especially in the middle and east parts, from 1982 to 2010. The increasing population and agglomerating level of population in the study region were mainly due to this influx. However, the rate of the influx in PRD slowed down in the past decade.
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    DENG Mao-ying, XIE Li, LIN Xiao-hua
       2000, 20 (1): 32-37.  
    Abstract2747)      PDF (292KB)(3836)      
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    Cited: Baidu(43)
    A Study of the Strategy of Metro Transit-Oriented Development in Guangzhou
    LI Wen-ling, CHEN Jian-long
       2008, 28 (4): 363-368.  
    Abstract3591)      PDF (294KB)(3810)      
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    Progress in the Studies of Carbon Emission Estimation
    LIU Mingda,MENG Jijun,LIU Bihan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (2): 248-258.  
    Abstract4037)      PDF (627KB)(3746)      

    Much attention in the world has been paid to study of Carbon emission. The reliability of carbon emission data depends on the reasonability of estimating method. In recent years progress has been made in research of carbon emission estimating methods. This paper discussed different carbon emission inventories of IPCC and China in theory, analyzed the pros and cons of three main approaches of estimating carbon emission as well as their appropriate objects, which are emission-factor approach, mass-balance approach, and experiment approach. Then in practice, the paper set out the inventories of carbon emission and the estimating approaches based on five spatial scales of units, which are country/province, city, settlement, individual building and family. Summarizing the existing research results, the paper put up a frame and a paradigm of carbon emission research. The main conclusions can be drawn as follows: 1) such a situation has been formed that IPCC leads the examination of carbon emission with many other agencies taking part in. The research area has had now much clearer framework, better approaches and broader appropriate scope. 2) The inventory and estimating approaches given by IPCC have been used in studying different spatial scales of units. Some new branches of learning are generated when they are used in city unit. 3) The study of carbon emission estimation still has problems, such as the disequilibrium of the studies on different spatial scale units that leads to less attention to be paid to the study of meso-scale units, the defects of the estimation methods themselves, and the external limitation of data acquisition, etc. 4) China has produced the inventory which is suitable for her own situation. In addition, a lot of progress in China have been made in the examinations of historic carbon emissions, regional differences of carbon emissions, and carbon emissions from natural ecosystems. But the problems of lacking in innovation of theory, less improvement of research methods and limitation in data obtaining still exist.

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       2002, 22 (2): 125-129.  
    Abstract2604)      PDF (202KB)(3662)      
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    Cited: Baidu(20)
    System Coupling between Urbanization and Eco-Environment: Research Progress in China
    LUO Ti,LIU Yanfang,KONG Xuesong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (2): 266-274.  
    Abstract2721)      PDF (756KB)(3466)      

    The correlation and interaction between urbanization and ecological environment changing, is geared to the important topic of the comprehensive research for the sustainable development of human and natural process. Based on the theory of system coupling, this paper regards the collection of various urban cultural elements with the characteristics of urbanization and the collection of all kinds of natural elements of the ecological environment as two systems which are independent but influence each other, and summarizes recent progress in the relationship between urbanization and eco-environment change from the perspective of theory and methodology respectively. Chinese scholars not only analyze the system coupling relationship and evolution rule between urbanization and eco-environment change, and evaluate the coupling mechanism of inter-elements and inter-system quantitatively, but also put forward approach to realize the coordination between urbanization and eco-environment. Overall speaking, the contents of domestic researches show the multi-dimensional characteristics in the contained factors and the involved subjects. The diversification methods, especially the “3S” technology and multiple quantitative analytical methods are used to obtain the statistics and analysis data effectively, to reveal the mutual influence of urbanization and ecological environment change, and to predict the evolution trend of the future. The research objects show regional features obviously. The developed areas and the areas with fragile eco-environment are always the research focuses. The peri-urban areas are being paid more and more attention. Some researches focus on the eco-environmental influence of the urbanization of many rural areas. But the theoretical and methodology basis has been weak relatively because these researches still stay at groping stage. At the same time, the lack of quantitative evaluation index system and the hysteresis passivity of relevant researches will block the research progress. In the future, the coupling theory of urbanization and ecological environment system framework and method system, the index system of observation and evaluation, the warning mechanism, and the urban ecological space expansion and optimization methods will be the main research directions. In addition, the exchanges and cooperation of different subjects should be strengthened, to provide more solid foundation for the research of urbanization and eco-environment system coupling.

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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Reconstruction of Urban Cultural Consumption Space in Guangzhou against the Background of Globalization: A Case Study of Starbucks
    LIAO Kaihuai, LI Lixun, ZHANG Hong'ou
       2012, 32 (2): 160-166.  
    Abstract4478)      PDF (238KB)(3442)      
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    Cited: Baidu(3)
       2002, 22 (2): 134-137.  
    Abstract2845)      PDF (176KB)(3390)      
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    A Review on the Study of Urban Spatial Structure Home and Abroad
    JIN Mei-juan, ZHANG Zhi-bin
       2006, 26 (2): 134-138,172.  
    Abstract2559)      PDF (276KB)(3290)      
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    Cited: Baidu(17)
    YANG Li-hui, YE Wei, ZHU Li-dong, LI Feng-quan, SHEN Ye-qin
       2005, 25 (4): 293-297.  
    Abstract2469)      PDF (847KB)(3288)      
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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Review of Urban Growth Boundary Research and Analysis of Its Sinicization
    WU Qing, ZHONG Shiyu
       2011, 31 (4): 409-415.  
    Abstract3345)      PDF (66KB)(3229)      
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Space-Time Analysis of Religious Landscape in China
    ZHONG Yexi,BAO Shuming
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2014, 34 (5): 591-598.  
    Abstract3299)      PDF (7736KB)(3225)      

    The space-time analysis of spatial distribution of religious sites can provide the insightful information about the formation and diffusion mechanism of religious landscapes. As an important part of religious landscapes, religious sites are the focus of religious geography researches. To reveal the law of temporal evolution of Chinese religious landscapes, the methods of mathematical statistics and spatial analysis are used in this paper. Based on the data of religious sites from the economic census in China, this paper analyzed the spatial distribution of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Christianity in the 342 cities of mainland China, which may reveal the future trends of religious landscapes in China. The results from those analysis show that: 1) All religions have experienced significant growth since 1978; 2) There’s an unbalanced development of religions with significant differences over the space and time in China; 3) Different expansion modes and expansion strategies adopted by different religions, dominated the temporal evolution of the spatial pattern of religion. The spatial structure of the dominated religion changes significantly. 4) Different models of religious development existed in different regions. There are different religious landscapes between the Han areas and ethnic minority areas. The phenomena of over- agglomerate and rapid expansion exist in different religion. Different development modes are also showed in deffernet religion. Those research results from this paper may help a better understanding of the future trends of religious landscape in China and provide the reference for religious policies.

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    Cited: Baidu(3)
    ZHENG Zhi-qing
       2005, 25 (3): 243-247.  
    Abstract2115)      PDF (232KB)(3193)      
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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Spatial Distribution of Road Dust Magnetic Susceptibility of Xuchang and Its Pollutional Implications
    YAN Hui,WU Guoxi,LI Jingzhong,LI Dong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (2): 219-223.  
    Abstract2190)      PDF (314KB)(3122)      
    The use of magnetic susceptibility characteristics of the urban road dust to reflect the city's pollution is an important part of the environmental magnetic studies. The results of road dust magnetic susceptibility of Xuchang city show that: Road dust magnetic susceptibility ranges from 98.33~600.92×10-8 m3·kg-1, and the average value is 319.72× 10-8 m3·kg-1, frequency magnetic susceptibility ranges from 0.20~5.94%, with an average of 1.92%. The high magnetic susceptibility values and the low frequency magnetic susceptibility suggest that road dust has less super paramagnetic particles content, and the high magnetic susceptibility is mainly caused by the magnetic particle deposition due to human activities. Spatial characters of road dust magnetic susceptibility display a decreasing trend from northwest to southeast, which mainly caused by the city's function zoning, population density, traffic flux and environmental quality. The road dust samples of Tiexi District and the Old District have the highest magnetic susceptibility values, reflecting the serious environmental pollution that caused by high population density, heavy traffic flux and industrial activities. In East District, High-tech Development District and Southeast District the road dust magnetic susceptibility values are lower, indicating the better environmental condition. Moreover, due to the heavy traffic in the commercial centers and the freeway entrances, road dust magnetic susceptibility values are higher than those in surrounding areas. The magnetic susceptibility characteristics of road dust can intuitively reflect the pollution of the city.
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Progress of the Supply of Urban Public Service Facilities in Western Countries and Its Enlightenment to China
    GAO Junbo, SU Hua
       2010, 30 (1): 8-12,29.  
    Abstract2650)      PDF (201KB)(3116)      
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    Cited: Baidu(12)
    MAI Shao-zhi, XU Song-jun, PAN Ying-jun
       2005, 25 (4): 317-321.  
    Abstract3041)      PDF (247KB)(3060)      
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    Cited: Baidu(81)
    Mixed Land Use for Urban Development: Models and Strategies
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2012, 32 (04): 402-408.  
    Abstract2560)      PDF (714KB)(3046)      
    Cities have always been the places where multi-functions aggromerate, and have witnessed the increasingly open and integrated development under the situation of globalization and informationalization, thus showing an increasing trend of diversification and differentiation. Mixed land use has been a common choice to address the trend and improve the level of urbanization. In this paper, the paths of the mixed land use of Chinese and foreign cities are summarized, and models and strategies of mixed land use are explored from the aspect of three spatial dimensions including urban district, community and building. Combined with the experience of the new urbanization practice in Guangdong Province, some ideas about people diversification, “white sites” reserved in developing district, “brownfield” referred in urban renewal, and “filling-type” development are presented, and the comprehensive development strategies of TOD plus SOD and EOD are put forward for exploring the possible ways to optimize the urban land use, enhance the vitality of public spaces and promote pluralistic inclusive development.
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    Cited: Baidu(2)
    REN Hai
       2005, 25 (3): 195-200.  
    Abstract2842)      PDF (285KB)(2962)      
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    Cited: Baidu(41)
    The Rising of Macao and Relations with Guangzhou under the Particular Tribute Trade Policy in the Ming Dynasty
    LI Yan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY    2013, 33 (6): 756-765.  
    Abstract3022)      PDF (318KB)(2951)      
    The rising of Macao in the Middle and Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty was an inevitable outcome since the Ming Government carried out very special foreign trade policy, although Macao was selected by Portuguese occasionally after they went through many changes. The paper tries to explore as a very tiny area why Macao could become a very important port of transshipment in the east-west trade at that time based on the particular tribute trade in the Ming Dynasty, and specially focuses on the influence of Guangzhou and economic relations between Macao and Guangzhou. In addition, the study analyzes the similarities and differences of Macao, Guangzhou and Yuegang, which were the only three open ports in the Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty, from the perspective of national trade. It is believed that the rising of Macao was largely benefited from the restrictions of Tribute Trade Policy of the Ming Dynasty to private foreign trade and traditional port development. Furthermore, Guangzhou had advantage in national foreign trade but shortage in some port functions, that helped Macao to establish the biggest international trade framework in the world at that time to play a role equivalent to an outer port of Guangzhou.
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    The Impact of COVID-19 on China’s Economy and Discussion of Policies‒Evidence from Listed Companies
    Zhang Kaihuang, Qian Qinglan
    Tropical Geography    2020, 40 (3): 396-407.   DOI: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003252
    Abstract8837)   HTML221)    PDF (1011KB)(2907)      

    The Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has collapsed the world’s economy. A discussion of the reaction to structural and regional policies is imperative for the Chinese government because the implementation of policies is limited. As the state of the stock market indicates the direction of the economy, the financial reports of some enterprises from China’s Stock market for the first quarter of 2020 were collected and analyzed. This was the period in which the productivity of the enterprises were severely impacted by the coronavirus pandemic with respect to industry, actors’ scale, and region. The results show: 1) Except agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery, all other industries had lesser profit and limited operating cash flow, and their balance sheets had deteriorated. The services industry faced more challenges than the others. The behavioral decisions made by individuals, the governmental policies for lock-down, and the nature of industries were responsible for these detrimental changes; 2) The companies with small and medium market value were affected more than big enterprises. In Q1, big companies made more profits, optimized their operating cash flows, and stabilized their balance sheets. This is mainly because of the difference of operating ability among actors and the Matthew effect; 3) Owing to the differences in the population structure and land price in different regions, the manufacture, service, and building and estate industries faced greater challenges in the developed provinces than in the less developed regions. The pandemic adversely affected the finance industry in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong; however, it showed improvement in Jiangsu. It has been observed that the financial structure in regions, and operating ability of companies were the main reasons for the negative impact on the finance industry. The medical industry was affected but progressed in areas with better industrial basement. This was because the demand for certain medicines and devices peaked during the period and the areas with better industrial base played more important role in fighting the virus. In this context, the authors discussed the two approaches: “Adopting a more proactive fiscal policy and deeply optimizing financial environment of enterprises,” and “Choosing policies implements regionally.” It can be argued that unilateral expansion of demand will result in a larger gap between demand and supply. This is disadvantageous because the global production system mainly depends on the manufacturing industry in China. The government should not only focus on resumption, but also start investment of new or traditional infrastructures. Moreover, owing to the uncertainty of the market, the factors that improve the balance sheet are few. Therefore, helping more entities by financial market and making the social capital more active have become the priorities for the government. In order to improve the manufacturing and service industry, undeveloped regions are encouraged to expand job opportunities, and the residents in developed regions are encouraged to consume more services and decrease the operating costs of the service industry. This can positively contribute to restoring the economy. Some measures adopted to benefit financial and building and estate industries are encouraging local commercial banks in medium-sized and small cities to provide loans to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs), boost infrastructure construction in developed regions, and loosen control of estate development. The policy makers of the medical industry were advised to focus on long-term development. Optimizing the financial environments for SMEs in medical industry and developing a multi-core, nation-wide distribution of industry are necessary for China.

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    SONG Shu-long, LI Zhen
       2000, 20 (2): 121-124.  
    Abstract2697)      PDF (174KB)(2888)      
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    Cited: Baidu(19)
    On Characteristics and Spatial Difference of Floating Populations in Guangzhou
    YAO Hua-song, XU Xue-qiang, XUE De-sheng
       2008, 28 (3): 259-264.  
    Abstract2571)      PDF (266KB)(2876)      
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    Cited: Baidu(20)
    Sources and Distribution of the Hui Nationality of Guangdong during the Period of Ming-Qing Dynasties
    WANG Bin, ZHU Hong
       2007, 27 (6): 574-579.  
    Abstract2926)      PDF (264KB)(2837)      
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    Cited: Baidu(7)
    Analysis of the Participation Mechanism of Villagers in Urban Village Reconstruction:A Case Study of Liede Village in Guangzhou City
    TAN Xiaohong, YUAN Qifeng, Lü Bin
    journal1    2012, 32 (6): 618-625.  
    Abstract3991)      PDF (586KB)(2773)      
    The paper studies the villagers’ participation in the process of reconstruction of Urban Villages through a case study of Liede Village which is the first urban village to be reconstructed in Guangzhou. The authors empirically investigate the organization and participation of the villagers in the whole process of reconstruction of the village,and make conclusions on the villagers’ participation and analysis from the perspective of New Institution Economics. It is found that there exists serious imbalance of information between the Village Committee and normal villagers, and the normal villgers have seldom decision power. The normal villagers play a rather passive role of “being informed”.The main problem lies on the huge gap between the official institution arrangement and villagers’ demand and interest in participation in reconstruction of Liede Village. Therefore all kinds of informal participation means are created through internet and local network, and it directly leads to transition of institution. This article put forward some suggestions on the institution construction that would help to enhance the villagers’ participation according to the local resources, in order to promote the successful transition of the community governance.
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    Development Status of Persons Aged 65 Years and Over in Canada
    ZHANG Guixia
       2011, 31 (5): 526-530.  
    Abstract2325)      PDF (54KB)(2768)      
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    Urban Population Density Based on Google Earth:A Case of Qingyuan City,Guangdong Province
    YU Yang, ZHEN Feng
       2009, 29 (6): 561-566.  
    Abstract3019)      PDF (338KB)(2766)      
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    Cited: Baidu(10)
    The Characteristics and Effects of the National Minority's Dietary Cultures in Guangdong
    CAI Xiao-mei, SITU Shang-ji
       2008, 28 (2): 187-192.  
    Abstract2217)      PDF (339KB)(2749)      
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    Cited: Baidu(10)
       2004, 24 (4): 337-340,345.  
    Abstract2857)      PDF (213KB)(2688)      
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    Cited: Baidu(13)
    Features of Coastal Landforms in Dapeng Peninsula of Shenzhen, China
    ZHANG Song, SUN Xianling, WANG Wei, HUANG Rihui, LAI Yixun, LIU Yun, ZHU Lei, SONG Ting, JIN Xingxing, ZHANG Huanhuan, TIAN Xuelian
    Tropical Geography    2013, 33 (6): 647-658.  
    Abstract4417)      PDF (6731KB)(2686)      
    The Dapeng Peninsula is located in the eastern part of Shenzhen, Guangdong. The peninsula has a wide variety of different coastal landforms. In this paper, the basic features of the coastal landforms of the Dapeng Peninsula are discussed. The results of field investigations and laboratory experiments show that the peninsula’s coastal landforms can be classified into three groups: rocky coasts, depositional coasts, and biological coasts. As lying in a fault uplift zone, the rocky coasts occupy most of the coastal line of Dapeng Peninsula. Typical costal erosion landforms such as sea cliffs, wave cut benches, sea caves, sea arches and sea stacks can always be found on the coasts. Depositional coasts of the peninsula develop in bays between rocky headlands. Generally, a barrier-lagoon system is formed in the bay which is deeply embayed with a stream flowing in. In the bay without streams, a bay head beach develops. The middle of the peninsula is narrow and shaped somewhat like a dumbbell, and muddy beaches are formed in its eastern coast because the coastline concaves deeply landwards providing shelter from wave attacks. Mangroves grow in the muddy beaches, as well as the lagoons. Coral reefs are found in the shallow water areas around the coasts of the peninsula. According to the field evidences and the dating of the sediments of the Dapeng Peninsula and its surrounding areas cited from the previous studies, the main important factors controlling the development of the peninsula’s coastal landforms were geological structures and sea-level changes during Holocene; The peninsula’s coastal landforms began to develop after middle Holocene; no strong structural uplift had happened in the areas of the peninsula since middle Holocene; The sea level had a higher standing after the middle Holocene on the coasts of the Dapeng peninsula.
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    Spatial Distribution of Urban Catering Industry and Its Influenced Factors: A Case Study of Xiamen City
    SHU Sheyu, WANG Run, SUN Yanwei, LIU Jian, XIAO Lishan
       2012, 32 (2): 134-140.  
    Abstract3004)      PDF (218KB)(2676)      
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    Cited: Baidu(12)